Original Research

Sustainable supplier selection factors and supply chain performance in the Nigerian healthcare industry

John Nsikan, Eno A. Affiah, Ine Briggs, Nkechi Koko
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management | Vol 16 | a633 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jtscm.v16i0.633 | © 2022 John Nsikan, Eno A. Affiah, Ine Briggs, Nkechi Koko | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 July 2021 | Published: 14 April 2022

About the author(s)

John Nsikan, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Garden City Premier Business School, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Eno A. Affiah, Department of Marketing, School of Business Management, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnics, Ikot Osurua, Nigeria
Ine Briggs, Facility Maintenance Monitoring and Evaluation, Rivers State Bureau on Public Procurement, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Nkechi Koko, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, European Global School- University Paris, Nigeria Study Centre, Port Harcourt, Nigeria


Background: There has been considerable effort amongst commercially-oriented services firms towards achieving sustainable supplier selection. However, little is known about the specific sustainability factors employed by healthcare supply chain managers when selecting medical materials vendors in developing economies, and the impact that such selection approaches has on the buying firm’s performance.

Objective: This study examines the sustainability factors mostly considered by Nigerian healthcare supply chain managers in their supplier selection processes. It further assesses the supply chain performance impact of the identified sustainable supplier selection factors.

Methodology: The study adopted a quantitative survey approach to randomly collect and analyse primary data from a large sample of 116 logistics and supply chain executives in 58 healthcare organisations in Nigeria. The descriptive scores (mean and standard deviation) were summarised and used to estimate the relationship among variables.

Results: Overall, the results suggest that economic sustainability towers above other sustainability factors for the selection of healthcare suppliers in the context of this study. In addition, economically sustainable supplier selection correlates strongly and positively with supply chain performance, while social sustainability supplier selection had moderate correlation with performance.

Conclusion: Based on these findings, it is our conclusion that most healthcare supply chain managers in Nigeria attaches importance to economic sustainability factors in their supplier selection process than environmental and social sustainability factors.


sustainability; supplier selection; procurement; triple-bottom-line; sustainable supply chain management


Total abstract views: 3220
Total article views: 2976


Crossref Citations

1. Generalized Dombi-based probabilistic hesitant fuzzy consensus reaching model for supplier selection under healthcare supply chain framework
Abhijit Saha, Bijoy Krishna Debnath, Prasenjit Chatterjee, Annapurani K. Panaiyappan, Surajit Das, Gogineni Anusha
Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence  vol: 133  first page: 107966  year: 2024  
doi: 10.1016/j.engappai.2024.107966