Original Research

The effects of supply chain cooperation on humanitarian relief operations: A case of Cyclone Idai in Zimbabwe

Felix Chari, Ozwell Muzinda, Cawe Novukela, Bethuel S. Ngcamu
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management | Vol 15 | a532 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jtscm.v15i0.532 | © 2021 Felix Chari, Ozwell Muzinda, Cawe Novukela, and Bethuel Sibongiseni Ngcamu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 July 2020 | Published: 11 March 2021

About the author(s)

Felix Chari, Department of Governance and Management, Faculty of Business Management, Walter Sisulu University, East London, South Africa
Ozwell Muzinda, Department of Supply Chain Management, Halo Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
Cawe Novukela, Department of Governance and Management, Faculty of Business Management, Walter Sisulu University, East London, South Africa
Bethuel S. Ngcamu, Department of Public Management and Leadership, Faculty of Humanities, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: The increased frequency of occurrence and complexity of disasters, the world over, have called for increased cooperation amongst stakeholders to deliver humanitarian aid.

Objectives: This study came as a result of the growing interest focussed on creating and implementing cooperation to facilitate management of supply chain-related activities in the humanitarian sector. This study therefore sought to gain a better understanding of the effectiveness of supply chain cooperation in aid delivery performance variables, specifically in the context of Cyclone Idai humanitarian relief operations in Zimbabwe.

Method: A pragmatic research paradigm was adopted, where the researchers took a mixed approach informed by both quantitative and qualitative research tools.

Results: Findings of this study show a significant and positive impact of humanitarian supply chain (HSC) cooperation in achieving output, resource and flexibility performance in the delivery of aid. These findings will change the shape of humanitarian response to have more cooperation amongst organisations rather than responding as single entities.

Conclusion: This study will therefore contribute to how humanitarian organisations improve their approach to future disasters through cooperation in their supply chain activities. Theoretically, the study will show how supply chain cooperation is key to humanitarian responses, thus improving effectiveness of HSC when put into practice. Policymakers can use these findings to develop a standard framework of how humanitarian organisations should collectively respond to disasters.


Keywords

cyclone; humanitarian logistics; relief operations; supply chain; supply chain cooperation

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