Original Research

A Logistics Barometer for South Africa: Towards sustainable freight mobility

Jan H. Havenga, Anneke de Bod, Zane P. Simpson, Nadia Viljoen, David King
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management | Vol 10, No 1 | a228 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jtscm.v10i1.228 | © 2016 Jan H. Havenga, Anneke de Bod, Zane P. Simpson, Nadia Viljoen, David King | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 January 2016 | Published: 11 August 2016

About the author(s)

Jan H. Havenga, Department of Logistics, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Anneke de Bod, Department of Logistics, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Zane P. Simpson, Department of Logistics, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Nadia Viljoen, Private
David King, Private


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Abstract

Background: South Africa has a disproportionately high freight transport demand owing to industrial development far from ports, low domestic beneficiation and improper modal use. Historical freight transport policy supported primary economic development, failing to preempt the changing economic structure and the resulting freight transport needs, resulting in excessive transport costs and externalities.

Objectives: To share the macroeconomic freight transport challenges revealed by South Africa’s Logistics Barometer, and to identify key interventions to address these.

Method: Freight flows are modelled by disaggregating the national input–output model into 83 commodity groupings and 372 geographical areas, culminating in a 30-year forecast at 5-year intervals for three scenarios, followed by distance-decay gravity modelling to determine freight flows. Logistics costs are calculated by relating these flows to the costs of fulfilling associated logistic functions.

Results: Long-distance transport remains the largest general freight typology and is, due to inefficient macro logistics design, extremely costly, both in terms of intrinsic and extrinsic costs.

Conclusion: South Africa’s freight task will grow 2.5-fold by 2043. Logistics and externality costs are already untenable at current levels. The development of domestic intermodal solutions will support the drive towards sustainable freight mobility.


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Crossref Citations

1. Freight corridor performance measurement system: A framework for South Africa
Jan H. Havenga, Anneke De Bod
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management  vol: 10  issue: 1  year: 2016  
doi: 10.4102/jtscm.v10i1.252