Original Research

The economic impact of South Africa’s international airports

Rose Luke, Jackie Walters
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management | Vol 4, No 1 | a15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jtscm.v4i1.15 | © 2010 Rose Luke, Jackie Walters | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 November 2010 | Published: 30 November 2010

About the author(s)

Rose Luke, Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies (Africa),University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Jackie Walters, Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies (Africa), University of Johannesburg, South Africa

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Abstract

Infrastructure is strongly linked to economic growth and plays a major role in providing greater mobility and choice, leading to an improvement in incomes and welfare. Transport infrastructure such as highways, bridges, ports, airports and railways is critical in achieving economic growth. If the supply of these facilities does not keep up with rising demand, the cost of moving goods will increase, and there will be a downward pressure on profits and growth. Airports play a critical role in generating employment within an economy, creating wealth, contributing to the tax base, stimulating tourism and contributing to world trade. While the latter two are less easily measured, it is possible to determine a base impact that an airport has on an economy by measuring the direct and indirect gross domestic product, employment and taxation impacts. This study quantifies these for the three main international airports in South Africa.

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